Review Intelligence!

Discussion in 'Philosophy' started by Doctor Omega, Mar 4, 2018.

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Will Our Intelligence Ultimately Destroy Us?

  1. Yes

    2 vote(s)
    50.0%
  2. No

    2 vote(s)
    50.0%
  1. Doctor Omega

    Doctor Omega Moderator

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    grid-AI.jpg


    Intelligence has been defined in many different ways including as one's capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving. It can be more generally described as the ability to perceive or infer information, and to retain it as knowledge to be applied towards adaptive behaviors within an environment or context.

    Intelligence is most widely studied in humans, but has also been observed in non-human animals and in plants. Artificial intelligence is intelligence in machines. It is commonly implemented in computer systems using program software.

    Within the discipline of psychology, various approaches to human intelligence have been adopted. The psychometric approach is especially familiar to the general public, as well as being the most researched and by far the most widely used in practical settings.



    Human intelligence

    Human intelligence is the intellectual power of humans, which is marked by complex cognitive feats and high levels of motivation and self-awareness.[19] Intelligence enables humans to remember descriptions of things and use those descriptions in future behaviors. It is a cognitive process. It gives humans the cognitive abilities to learn, form concepts, understand, and reason, including the capacities to recognize patterns, comprehend ideas, plan, solve problems, and use language to communicate. Intelligence enables humans to experience and think.

    Note that much of the above definition applies also to the intelligence of non-human animals.






    Artificial intelligence

    Artificial intelligence (or AI) is both the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science which aims to create it, through "the study and design of intelligent agents"[28] or "rational agents", where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions which maximize its chances of success.[29] Achievements in artificial intelligence include constrained and well-defined problems such as games, crossword-solving and optical character recognition and a few more general problems such as autonomous cars.[30] General intelligence or strong AI has not yet been achieved and is a long-term goal of AI research.

    Among the traits that researchers hope machines will exhibit are reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, communication, perception, and the ability to move and to manipulate objects.

    In the field of artificial intelligence there is no consensus on how closely the brain should be simulated.
     
  2. Doctor Omega

    Doctor Omega Moderator

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    In animals
    The common chimpanzee can use tools. This chimpanzee is using a stick to get food.
    Although humans have been the primary focus of intelligence researchers, scientists have also attempted to investigate animal intelligence, or more broadly, animal cognition. These researchers are interested in studying both mental ability in a particular species, and comparing abilities between species. They study various measures of problem solving, as well as numerical and verbal reasoning abilities. Some challenges in this area are defining intelligence so that it has the same meaning across species (e.g. comparing intelligence between literate humans and illiterate animals), and also operationalizing a measure that accurately compares mental ability across different species and contexts.

    Wolfgang Köhler's research on the intelligence of apes is an example of research in this area. Stanley Coren's book, The Intelligence of Dogs is a notable book on the topic of dog intelligence.[20] (See also: Dog intelligence.) Non-human animals particularly noted and studied for their intelligence include chimpanzees, bonobos (notably the language-using Kanzi) and other great apes, dolphins, elephants and to some extent parrots, rats and ravens.

    Cephalopod intelligence also provides important comparative study. Cephalopods appear to exhibit characteristics of significant intelligence, yet their nervous systems differ radically from those of backboned animals. Vertebrates such as mammals, birds, reptilesand fish have shown a fairly high degree of intellect that varies according to each species. The same is true with arthropods.
     
  3. Doctor Omega

    Doctor Omega Moderator

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    In plants

    It has been argued that plants should also be classified as intelligent based on their ability to sense and model external and internal environments and adjust their morphology, physiology and phenotype accordingly to ensure self-preservation and reproduction.[23][24]

    A counter argument is that intelligence is commonly understood to involve the creation and use of persistent memories as opposed to computation that does not involve learning. If this is accepted as definitive of intelligence, then it includes the artificial intelligence of robots capable of "machine learning", but excludes those purely autonomic sense-reaction responses that can be observed in many plants. Plants are not limited to automated sensory-motor responses, however, they are capable of discriminating positive and negative experiences and of 'learning' (registering memories) from their past experiences. They are also capable of communication, accurately computing their circumstances, using sophisticated cost–benefit analysis and taking tightly controlled actions to mitigate and control the diverse environmental stressors
     
  4. Doctor Omega

    Doctor Omega Moderator

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    Is our intelligence our curse?

    Or our blessing.

    Will it ultimately destroy us?

    Or save us?
     
  5. Doctor Omega

    Doctor Omega Moderator

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  6. Doctor Omega

    Doctor Omega Moderator

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    Two robots debate the future of humanity


    Now for something that’s never been done onstage before. While they may not be human, our next guests are ready to discuss the future of humanity, and how they see their types flourish over the coming years. Here to talk all things robots we'll welcome to the stage Sophia and Han, alongside Hanson Robotics’ Ben Goertzel.



     
  7. Doctor Omega

    Doctor Omega Moderator

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    The robots start talking at 4:21
     
  8. Doctor Omega

    Doctor Omega Moderator

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    You tube comments....



     
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  9. McQualude

    McQualude Member: Rank 3

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    Fiction writers like to paint doom and gloom scenarios about mankind being self destructive but all living things aggressively compete for resources. Any species that failed to outcompete other species didn't survive to pass on their genes. Humans aren't self destructive, we are extremely competitive and successful at surviving. The reason we prey heavily on our own is because there are so many of us, jammed so closely together, competing for the same resources. We are our own primary competition. It is the nature of living things to fight for survival and even if we had infinite resources, we would still compete.
     
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  10. Doctor Omega

    Doctor Omega Moderator

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    DYaJuWmWkAAq65u.jpg
     
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  11. Doctor Omega

    Doctor Omega Moderator

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    Stephen Hawking: 'AI could spell end of the human race'



     
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  12. Doctor Omega

    Doctor Omega Moderator

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    Brian Eno message - Don't get a job




     
  13. ant-mac

    ant-mac Administrator
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    I think we're doing a pretty good job already.

    We don't need help.
     
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